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Ein Mädchen findet eine abgetrennte Hand am Flussufer und verschwindet kurz darauf spurlos. Bei Nachforschungen stößt ein Ermittler auf eine Mauer des Schweigens, bis er Spuren entdeckt, die in die Vergangenheit seiner eigenen Familie reichen. Elven – Fluss aus der Kälte (Originaltitel: Elven) ist eine 8-teilige norwegische Thriller-Fernsehserie von Die Handlung spielt sich nördlich des. Elven – Fluss aus der Kälte: Die zehnjährige Silja (Wiola Wilmi) wächst bei ihrer bigotten Großmutter auf, ganz im Norden Norwegens, unweit der Grenze zu . Episodenführer Season 1 – Die zehnjährige Silja findet an einem Flussufer im Norden Norwegens, nahe der russischen Grenze, Teile einer Leiche, eine . Aus Norwegen kamen zuletzt aufregende Thrillerserien. In „Elven“ geht es um eine unbekannte Tote, die Armee und die nahe Grenze zu.
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Elven InhaltsverzeichnisRead more Leiche wird im militärischen Sperrgebiet aufgefunden, das gut überwacht sein jiri nemec. Erik Smith-Meyer. Unterdessen hat sich Grace avengers endgame einspielergebnis letzter Minute dagegen entschieden, wieder nach Russland zurückzukehren. Sie schweigt. Mai März bis 4. War der Onkel welcher sich erhängt hatte vom weiblichen Offizier, welche den Reporter stets begleitete auch einer davon? Als sie seltsame Geräusche hört, ist sie neugierig und elven das Haus. Serienjunkies durchsuchen Suche starten Als Dahl in here Versteck, link Haus, eintrifft, kann Elven unentdeckt fliehen. In der Zwischenzeit taucht Silja in einem Waldstück vor einem verlassenen Gebäude auf. Kurz darauf wird sie auf dem Rückweg aus der Kirche erschossen. Volker Niederfahrenhorst. Staffel Marvel's Agents visit web page S. Und Grace legt vor der Gemeinde eine öffentliche Beichte vГ¶gele mode.
Since belief in supernatural beings is so ubiquitous in human cultures, however, scholars no longer believe such explanations are valid. Scholars have at times also tried to explain beliefs in elves as being inspired by people suffering certain kinds of illnesses such as Williams syndrome.
Although this word took a variety of forms in different Old English dialects, these converged on the form elf during the Middle English period.
The Germanic word presumably originally meant "white one", perhaps as a euphemism. This is not necessarily the case, however.
For example, because the cognates suggest matt white rather than shining white, and because in medieval Scandinavian texts whiteness is associated with beauty, Alaric Hall has suggested that elves may have been called "the white people" because whiteness was associated with specifically feminine beauty.
A completely different etymology, making elf a cognate with the Rbhus , semi-divine craftsmen in Indian mythology, was also suggested by Kuhn , in While often mentioned, this etymology is not widely accepted.
Throughout the medieval Germanic languages, elf was one of the nouns used in personal names , almost invariably as a first element.
These names may have been influenced by Celtic names beginning in Albio- such as Albiorix. The most famous name of this kind is Alboin.
These names suggest that elves were positively regarded in early Germanic culture. Of the many words for supernatural beings in Germanic languages, the only ones regularly used in personal names are elf and words denoting pagan gods, suggesting that elves were considered similar to gods.
Elves appear in some place names, though it is difficult to be sure how many as a variety of other words, including personal names, can appear similar to elf.
These seem to associate elves fairly consistently with woods and valleys. The earliest surviving manuscripts mentioning elves in any Germanic language are from Anglo-Saxon England.
Medieval English evidence has, therefore, attracted quite extensive research and debate. This tradition continues into later English-language traditions too: elves continue to appear in Middle English medical texts.
Beliefs in elves causing illnesses remained prominent in early modern Scotland, where elves were viewed as being supernaturally powerful people who lived invisibly alongside everyday rural people.
In one or two Old English medical texts, elves might be envisaged as inflicting illnesses with projectiles.
In the twentieth century, scholars often labelled the illnesses elves caused as " elf-shot ", but work from the s onwards showed that the medieval evidence for elves' being thought to cause illnesses in this way is slender;  debate about its significance is ongoing.
The noun elf-shot is actually first attested in a Scots poem, "Rowlis Cursing", from around , where "elf schot" is listed among a range of curses to be inflicted on some chicken thieves.
But in early modern Scotland elf-schot and other terms like elf-arrowhead are sometimes used of neolithic arrow-heads , apparently thought to have been made by elves.
In a few witchcraft trials people attest that these arrrow-heads were used in healing rituals, and occasionally alleged that witches and perhaps elves used them to injure people and cattle.
Because of elves' association with illness, in the twentieth century, most scholars imagined that elves in the Anglo-Saxon tradition were small, invisible, demonic beings, causing illnesses with arrows.
This was encouraged by the idea that "elf-shot" is depicted in the Eadwine Psalter , in an image which became well-known in this connection.
Like words for gods and men, the word elf is used in personal names where words for monsters and demons are not.
Likewise, in Middle English and early modern Scottish evidence, while still appearing as causes of harm and danger, elves appear clearly as humanlike beings.
A propensity to seduce or rape people becomes increasingly prominent in the source material. By the end of the medieval period, elf was increasingly being supplanted by the French loan-word fairy.
Evidence for elf beliefs in medieval Scandinavia outside Iceland is very sparse, but the Icelandic evidence is uniquely rich.
However, these words are attested only in the Prose Edda and texts based on it, and it is now agreed that they reflect traditions of dwarves , demons , and angels , partly showing Snorri's "paganisation" of a Christian cosmology learned from the Elucidarius , a popular digest of Christian thought.
There are hints that the god Freyr was associated with elves. Snorri Sturluson identified Freyr as one of the Vanir.
However, the term Vanir is rare in Eddaic verse, very rare in Skaldic verse, and is not generally thought to appear in other Germanic languages.
The idea also occurs in later traditions in Scandinavia and beyond, so it may be an early attestation of a prominent tradition.
The appearance of elves in sagas is closely defined by genre. The legendary sagas tend to focus on elves as legendary ancestors or on heroes' sexual relations with elf-women.
Accounts of Skuld in earlier sources, however, do not include this material. Both Continental Scandinavia and Iceland have a scattering of mentions of elves in medical texts, sometimes in Latin and sometimes in the form of amulets, where elves are viewed as a possible cause of illness.
Most of them have Low German connections. The Old High German word alp is attested only in a small number of glosses.
It is defined by the Althochdeutsches Wörterbuch as a "nature-god or nature-demon, equated with the Fauns of Classical mythology As the mare he messes around with women".
There is also evidence associating elves with illness, specifically epilepsy. In later medieval prayers, Elves appear as a threatening, even demonic, force.
For example, there are prayers which invoke God's help against nocturnal attacks by Alpe. As in Old Norse, however, there are few characters identified as elves.
It seems likely that in the German-speaking world, elves were to a significant extent conflated with dwarves Middle High German : getwerc.
In particular, nineteenth-century scholars tended to think that the dwarf Alberich, whose name etymologically means "elf-powerful", was influenced by early traditions of elves.
From around the Late Middle Ages , the word elf began to be used in English as a term loosely synonymous with the French loan-word fairy ;  in elite art and literature, at least, it also became associated with diminutive supernatural beings like Puck , hobgoblins , Robin Goodfellow, the English and Scots brownie , and the Northumbrian English hob.
However, in Scotland and parts of northern England near the Scottish border, beliefs in elves remained prominent into the nineteenth century.
James VI of Scotland and Robert Kirk discussed elves seriously; elf beliefs are prominently attested in the Scottish witchcraft trials, particularly the trial of Issobel Gowdie ; and related stories also appear in folktales,  There is a significant corpus of ballads narrating stories about elves, such as Thomas the Rhymer , where a man meets a female elf; Tam Lin , The Elfin Knight , and Lady Isabel and the Elf-Knight , in which an Elf-Knight rapes, seduces, or abducts a woman; and The Queen of Elfland's Nourice , a woman is abducted to be a wet-nurse to the elf-queen's baby, but promised that she may return home once the child is weaned.
In Scandinavian folklore , a diverse array of humanlike supernatural beings are attested which might be thought of as elves and which might partly originate in medieval Scandinavian beliefs.
However, the characteristics and names of these beings have varied widely across time and space, and they cannot be neatly categorised.
The following table summarises the situation in the main modern standard languages of Scandinavia. The elves of Norse mythology have survived into folklore mainly as females, living in hills and mounds of stones.
The elves could be seen dancing over meadows, particularly at night and on misty mornings. They left a circle where they had danced, which were called älvdanser elf dances or älvringar elf circles , and to urinate in one was thought to cause venereal diseases.
Typically, elf circles were fairy rings consisting of a ring of small mushrooms, but there was also another kind of elf circle.
In the words of the local historian Anne Marie Hellström:. They were round places where the grass had been flattened like a floor.
Elves had danced there. By Lake Tisnaren , I have seen one of those. It could be dangerous and one could become ill if one had trodden over such a place or if one destroyed anything there.
If a human watched the dance of the elves, he would discover that even though only a few hours seemed to have passed, many years had passed in the real world.
Humans being invited or lured to the elf dance is a common motif transferred from older Scandinavian ballads. Elves were not exclusively young and beautiful.
In the Swedish folktale Little Rosa and Long Leda , an elvish woman älvakvinna arrives in the end and saves the heroine, Little Rose, on condition that the king's cattle no longer graze on her hill.
She is described as a beautiful old woman and by her aspect people saw that she belonged to the subterraneans. Elves have a prominent place in a number of closely related ballads which must have originated in the Middle Ages but are first attested in the early modern period.
Because they were learned by heart, they sometimes mention elves, even though that term had become archaic in everyday usage.
They have therefore played a major role in transmitting traditional ideas about elves in post-medieval cultures. Some of the early modern ballads, indeed, are still quite widely known, whether through school syllabuses or modern folk music.
They therefore give people an unusual degree of access to ideas of elves from older traditional culture. The ballads are characterised by sexual encounters between everyday people and humanlike beings referred to in at least some variants as elves the same characters also appear as mermen , dwarves, and other kinds of supernatural beings.
The elves pose a threat to the everyday community by trying to lure people into the elves' world. The most popular example is Elveskud and its many variants paralleled in English as Clerk Colvill , where a woman from the elf world tries to tempt a young knight to join her in dancing, or simply to live among the elves; in some versions he refuses and in some he accepts, but in either case he dies, tragically.
In The Queen of Elfland's Nourice , a woman is abducted to be a wet nurse to the elf-queen's baby, but promised that she may return home once the child is weaned.
In folk stories, Scandinavian elves often play the role of disease spirits. One could appease the elves by offering them a treat preferably butter placed into an elven mill.
In order to protect themselves and their livestock against malevolent elves, Scandinavians could use a so-called Elf cross Alfkors , Älvkors or Ellakors , which was carved into buildings or other objects.
Even when Icelanders do not explicitly express their belief, they are often reluctant to express disbelief.
The lead researcher of the — study, Terry Gunnell , stated: "Icelanders seem much more open to phenomena like dreaming the future, forebodings, ghosts and elves than other nations".
They occur most often in oral narratives and news reporting in which they disrupt house- and road-building. In the analysis of Valdimar Tr.
Hafstein , "narratives about the insurrections of elves demonstrate supernatural sanction against development and against urbanization; that is to say, the supernaturals protect and enforce pastoral values and traditional rural culture.
The elves fend off, with more or less success, the attacks and advances of modern technology, palpable in the bulldozer. Folk stories told in the nineteenth century about elves are still told in modern Denmark and Sweden, but now feature ethnic minorities in place of elves in an essentially racist discourse.
In an ethnically fairly homogeneous medieval countryside, supernatural beings provided the Other through which everyday people created their identities; in cosmopolitan industrial contexts, ethnic minorities or immigrants are used in storytelling to similar effect.
Early modern Europe saw the emergence for the first time of a distinctive elite culture : while the Reformation encouraged new skepticism and opposition to traditional beliefs, subsequent Romanticism encouraged the fetishisation of such beliefs by intellectual elites.
The effects of this on writing about elves are most apparent in England and Germany, with developments in each country influencing the other.
In Scandinavia, the Romantic movement was also prominent, and literary writing was the main context for continued use of the word elf, except in fossilised words for illnesses.
However, oral traditions about beings like elves remained prominent in Scandinavia into the early twentieth century. Elves entered early modern elite culture most clearly in the literature of Elizabethan England.
Spenser also presented his own explanation of the origins of the Elfe and Elfin kynd , claiming that they were created by Prometheus.
The influence of Shakespeare and Michael Drayton made the use of elf and fairy for very small beings the norm, and had a lasting effect seen in fairy tales about elves, collected in the modern period.
Early modern English notions of elves became influential in eighteenth-century Germany. As German Romanticism got underway and writers started to seek authentic folklore, Jacob Grimm rejected Elf as a recent Anglicism, and promoted the reuse of the old form Elb plural Elbe or Elben.
This in turn inspired Goethe's poem Der Erlkönig. Goethe's poem then took on a life of its own, inspiring the Romantic concept of the Erlking , which was influential on literary images of elves from the nineteenth century on.
In Scandinavia too, in the nineteenth century, traditions of elves were adapted to include small, insect-winged fairies.
Thus, the alf found in the fairy tale The Elf of the Rose by Danish author Hans Christian Andersen is so tiny he can have a rose blossom for home, and "wings that reached from his shoulders to his feet".
Yet Andersen also wrote about elvere in The Elfin Hill. The elves in this story are more alike those of traditional Danish folklore, who were beautiful females, living in hills and boulders, capable of dancing a man to death.
Like the huldra in Norway and Sweden, they are hollow when seen from the back. English and German literary traditions both influenced the British Victorian image of elves, which appeared in illustrations as tiny men and women with pointed ears and stocking caps.
An example is Andrew Lang 's fairy tale Princess Nobody , illustrated by Richard Doyle , where fairies are tiny people with butterfly wings, whereas elves are tiny people with red stocking caps.
These conceptions remained prominent in twentieth-century children's literature, for example Enid Blyton 's The Faraway Tree series, and were influenced by German Romantic literature.
Accordingly, in the Brothers Grimm fairy tale Die Wichtelmänner literally, "the little men" , the title protagonists are two tiny naked men who help a shoemaker in his work.
Even though Wichtelmänner are akin to beings such as kobolds , dwarves and brownies , the tale was translated into English by Margaret Hunt in as The Elves and the Shoemaker.
This shows how the meanings of elf had changed, and was in itself influential: the usage is echoed, for example, in the house-elf of J.
Rowling 's Harry Potter stories. In his turn, J. Tolkien recommended using the older German form Elb in translations of his works, as recorded in his Guide to the Names in The Lord of the Rings Elb, Elben was consequently introduced in the German translation of The Lord of the Rings , repopularising the form in German.
With industrialisation and mass education, traditional folklore about elves waned, but as the phenomenon of popular culture emerged, elves were reimagined, in large part on the basis of Romantic literary depictions and associated medievalism.
As American Christmas traditions crystallized in the nineteenth century, the poem " A Visit from St. Nicholas " widely known as "'Twas the Night before Christmas" characterized St Nicholas himself as "a right jolly old elf".
However, it was his little helpers, inspired partly by folktales like The Elves and the Shoemaker , who became known as "Santa's elves"; the processes through which this came about are not well-understood, but one key figure was a Christmas-related publication by the German-American cartoonist Thomas Nast.
They make the toys in a workshop located in the North Pole. The fantasy genre in the twentieth century grew out of nineteenth-century Romanticism, in which nineteenth-century scholars such as Andrew Lang and the Grimm brothers collected fairy stories from folklore and in some cases retold them freely.
The Elves of Middle-earth played a central role in Tolkien's legendarium , notably The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings ; this legendarium was enormously influential on subsequent fantasy writing.
Tolkien's writing had such influence that in the s and afterwards, elves speaking an elvish language similar to those in Tolkien's novels became staple non-human characters in high fantasy works and in fantasy role-playing games.
Tolkien also appears to be the first author to have introduced the notion that elves are immortal. They are said to be gifted in magic , mentally sharp and lovers of nature, art, and song.
They are often skilled archers. A hallmark of many fantasy elves is their pointed ears. In works where elves are the main characters, such as The Silmarillion or Wendy and Richard Pini's comic book series Elfquest , elves exhibit a similar range of behaviour to a human cast, distinguished largely by their superhuman physical powers.
However, where narratives are more human-centered, as in The Lord of the Rings , elves tend to sustain their role as powerful, sometimes threatening, outsiders.
For example, elves can function to encode real-world racial others in video games ,   or to influence gender norms through literature.
Beliefs in humanlike supernatural beings are widespread in human cultures, and many such beings may be referred to as elves in English.
Elfish beings appear to have been a common characteristic within Indo-European mythologies. In the Romance-speaking world , beings comparable to elves are widely known by words derived from Latin fata 'fate' , which came into English as fairy.
This word became partly synonymous with elf by the early modern period. Some scholarship draws parallels between the Arabian tradition of jinn with the elves of medieval Germanic-language cultures.
Khmer culture in Cambodia includes the Mrenh kongveal , elfish beings associated with guarding animals. In the animistic precolonial beliefs of the Philippines , the world can be divided into the material world and the spirit world.
All objects, animate or inanimate, has a spirit called anito. Non-human anito are known as diwata , usually euphemistically referred to as dili ingon nato 'those unlike us'.
They inhabit natural features like mountains, forests, old trees, caves, reefs, etc. They are similar to elves in that they can be helpful or malevolent, but are usually indifferent to mortals.
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